Drug Abuse and the Psychological Effects
Drug abuse is a common problem in the United States, with 23.5 million people needing treatment for abusing drugs or alcohol, according to the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.
Unfortunately, many people have misconceptions about drug abuse and are reluctant to seek help.
Even if you are not physically addicted to a substance or do not think you use too much, it may still be causing significant problems in your life.
Relationship problems, legal issues, DUIs, trouble at work, and other interpersonal and social problems are common signs of The Psychological Effects of Drug Abuse.
Drugs of abuse can have profound effects on the individual and society at large, making frequent drug testing essential to ensure a functional workplace.
Psychological Effects of Drug Abuse on the Individual
Many people begin using drugs because they cause pleasant feelings of euphoria and disinhibition.
Because drugs directly affect the brain, they can cause major damage over time. The specific psychological effects depends on the drug of abuse.
- Alcohol abuse leads to impaired vision and hearing, poor judgment, emotional dysregulation, and memory loss.
- Marijuana (pot) causes poor short-term memory, difficulty concentrating, and decreased social inhibitions.
Individuals who abuse drugs may deny their psychological problems or have a hard time judging their impairments. Often, friends or family members notice these changes and use a drug test kit to confirm their suspicions.
Emotional problems are another common effect of chronic drug use. Many people with substance abuse problems experience major depressive disorder, anxiety, paranoia, or psychosis. These serious psychological issues affect day-to-day functioning and relationships with others.
Effects of Drug Abuse on Society
Because drug abuse profoundly affects an individual’s psychological health, it negatively affects society as a whole.
Impaired judgment causes people to drive under the influence of drugs, engage in risky behaviors, and perform criminal activities. These effects of drug abuse result in increased emergency room visits, higher rates of arrest, an overburdened criminal justice system, and disability or illness.
The psychological effects of depression or anxiety make it difficult for drug abusers to hold steady jobs and perform activities of daily living.
How Does Drug Abuse Affect the Workplace?
Approximately 75% of illicit drug users are employed, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and an even higher percentage of people with alcohol abuse problems have regular jobs.
The psychological effects of drug abuse on the individual and society are dramatically compounded in the workplace.
Alcohol and drug abuse costs American companies nearly $100 billion in year in tardiness and absence.
Common effects of drug abuse include:
Absenteeism, , decreased employee morale, more frequent injuries, theft, and workplace fatalities.
Individuals with drug or alcohol abuse problems are five times more likely to file a worker’s compensation claim.
The monetary and social costs of drug abuse make it imperative to maintain a drug-free workplace. Employers can achieve this by instituting mandatory drug testing for all employees using convenient drug test kits.
Requiring employees to complete a random urine drug test ensures that alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs do not affect the business’ productivity, morale, or revenue.