Definition and Description
Amphetamines are generally found in legal prescription drugs used to treat attention problems in kids and young adults. Common prescriptions such as Adderall contain amphetamines. These prescription drugs are sometimes abused and sold on the street. A less pure street version of the drug is often referred to as “speed.”
What does it look like and how is it taken?
The Amphetamines found in oral prescription drugs come in pill form, and they come in an array of shapes and colors.
Methamphetamine, an illegal form of the drug, is usually in the form of a crystalline white powder that is odorless and bitter-tasting. In some instances Methamphetamines can be brown, yellowish gray, orange or pink. It is also taken in pill form. Crystal meth, a type of methamphetamine, comes in clear, chunky crystals. Addicts smoke, snort, inject or take Methamphetamines orally.
Illegal or Legal?
Most forms of amphetamines on the street are legal with a prescription. The exception is methamphetamine which is illegal.
The following prescription drugs contain Amphetamines:
Adderall, Adderall XR, Dexedrine, ProCentra, Dextrostat, Ritalin, Concerta, Vyvanse, Focalin, Strattera, Didrex
Street names for illegal Amphetamines include:
Speed, bennies, eye openers, amped, uppers, pick me ups, black mollies
Why are Amphetamines taken?
Kids and young adults with attention problems take the legal prescription drug Amphetamines.
Addicts take Amphetamines illegally, as Methamphetamine (Crystal Meth), because they give feelings of exhilaration, excitement and euphoria. Amphetamines often give a feeling of superiority. This makes their users feel good and powerful, thus leading to increased confidence. They increase energy and alertness. Users can easily become addicted and develop tolerance to the drug. This leads them to take it in higher doses to achieve the same “high.”
Dangers and side effects
Even though Amphetamines and Methamphetamine are both central nervous system stimulants, they are structurally very different. They both have dangers. Some users think Amphetamines are safe to take because doctors prescribe them. Amphetamines are dangerous when taken without the diagnosis and supervision of physicians.
Regular use, or high doses of Amphetamines, can cause seizures, stroke, heart attack, coma or even death. The danger of use increases when taken by a person with a history of heart disease or high blood pressure. It is also a danger to those who take antidepressants.
Abuse of Amphetamines can cause addiction and can lead to declining physical health and permanent brain damage. When combined with alcohol, the dangers include heart attack, stroke and binge drinking which comes with its own risks.
Short term side effects of Amphetamines:
They include paranoia, increased body temperature, agitation or hostility, irregular heartbeat, and increased blood pressure. Short term side effects also include decreased appetite, dry mouth, dehydration, dilated pupils, increased activity and talkativeness, twitching, nausea and vomiting.
Long term side effects:
They include toxic psychosis (mimics schizophrenia), mental disorders, physiological disorders, and behavioral disorders. Long term side effects also include malnutrition, loss of coordination, pale skin, rotting teeth, stomach ulcers, weakness, trouble breathing, seizures, coma and death.
Drug Testing for Amphetamines
The dangers and risks when using Amphetamines, without a prescription or in its illegal form, are great. If you suspect that a friend or loved one is abusing Amphetamines, ask them to take a drug test.
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