Definition and Description
Pharmaceutical Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid painkiller. It is typically found in prescriptions for people undergoing cancer treatment. Physicians may also prescribe the drug for patients with chronic pain or for people experiencing severe pain following a surgery. Illegal Fentanyl is often found mixed into other drugs like heroin.
Fentanyl can provide a great deal of relief to patients experiencing severe or chronic pain. Taking it illegally or without a prescription, however, is dangerous. Fentanyl can be 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine. It is even more potent than heroin, so its consumption can quickly lead to dependency, addiction and even overdose. Click here to see our drug testing kits for Fentanyl, or find the drug testing product that is right for you and order it online now.
Street names for illegal Fentanyl include:
Apache, China Girl, China Town, China White, Dance Fever, Goodfellas, Great Bear, He-Man, King Ivory, Murder 8, Poison, Tango & Cash
What does it look like and how is it taken?
In a medical setting, Fentanyl is often administered or prescribed using a patch on the skin, via a shot or as a lozenge.
Illegal forms of Fentanyl, however, can come as a powder, spiked onto blotter paper, found in eye droppers and nasal sprays. It is even manufactured into pills that resemble other prescription opioids. Illicit Fentanyl is also often mixed into other drugs, such as heroin and cocaine. It is also injected, snorted, sniffed, smoked or taken in pill form. Even Fentanyl patches are abused by addicts.
Illegal or Legal?
Fentanyl is only legal when obtained with a prescription for pain relief. Even then, doctors must assess whether patients are a good fit for the drug before prescribing it. The prescription drugs Actiq, Duragesic and Sublimaze can contain Fentanyl.
Most forms of Fentanyl consumed and distributed in the U.S. are illegal. There are many illegal derivatives of the drug. These are both stronger and easier to obtain than their prescription counterpart.
Why is Fentanyl taken?
As mentioned above, Fentanyl was originally developed for pain relief and anesthetic purposes. Doctors prescribe it for patients experiencing chronic pain, as a result of cancer treatment or following a surgery. If those patients already have tolerance to other opioids, it makes them less affective for pain relief.
People who take illegal Fentanyl often do so to induce feelings of euphoria, relaxation and and pain relief. Users may also mix it with other drugs to enhance the high they experience.
Dangers and side effects
Even when prescribed by a physician, Fentanyl can be dangerous. Its potency can lead to dependency and addiction. Even when patients are legally prescribed the drug, they may experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking the drug. These symptoms can include loss of appetite, agitation, anxiety, fever, diarrhea and intense cravings for Fentanyl.
The illicit use of Fentanyl can be even more dangerous because many people don’t always know they’re taking it. It has become profitable for dealers of heroin or even cocaine to lace their products with Fentanyl to make them more potent. They also do it to increase the addict’s dependance on the drug. As a result, users may consume heroin without knowing that it contains a potentially fatal dose of Fentanyl. That can lead to a drug overdose. This can happen even with the first dose.
Short term side effects can include:
Nausea, vomiting, constipation, an altered heart rate, confusion, weakness, hallucinations, slower breathing, itchy skin and seizures.
Long term side effects include:
An increased risk of anoxic injury, harm to personal friendships and relationships, aggravation of pre-existing mental health conditions like depression, and a greater likelihood of overdose, coma and death.
Drug Testing for Fentanyl
The dangers and risks when using Fentanyl, without a prescription or in its illegal form, are great. If you suspect that a friend or loved one is abusing Fentanyl, ask them to take a drug test.
From small quantities to large bulk orders, uVera Diagnostics has a drug testing product that is right for you. Order online or call 1-866-242-5930.
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You can also read our blog, Fentanyl Dangers and the 8 Things You Need to Know