Who Takes Drug Tests for Federal Agencies
Federal agencies require all applicants to submit to a pre-employment drug test. They should also not start work before receiving the results of that test. Any applicant who will not take the test or fails the test will be ineligible for a government job.
Many federal agencies such as the U.S. Department of Defense use random drug testing. The goal is to test 100% of employees at least once during a specific time period. The aim of random drug testing is to ensure that all employees have equal consideration for drug testing.
A third type of drug test administered to federal employees is a reasonable suspicion drug test. As the name states, there must be reasonable suspicion before the administration of the drug test. For most agencies, the employee’s direct supervisor must document this suspicion in great detail. Termination of employment could result if an employee refuses to take the drug test. Of course, if an employee believes the test to be unreasonable, he or she may seek legal guidance.
Why is Drug Testing for Federal Agencies Important?
Pre-employment and random drug testing are essential to promote a drug-free work environment. The Executive Order 12564 decreed this. Not only is it a requirement but it should also be a concern for most administrators. Public companies could benefit from a drug testing policy. Governmental agencies, however, that deal with transportation, law enforcement, air traffic and sensitive information, need employee drug testing for the safety of the public and other employees.
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Drug Testing for Federal Agencies
Other types of drug tests used by federal agencies are accident or unsafe practice testing, voluntary testing or follow-up testing. These types of tests cover:
- An employee involved in an accident at work. The supervisor may test when the accident involves death, hospitalization or damage to governmental or private property.
- Employees not in the random drug testing pool of candidates can ask for a drug test to prove their commitment to a drug-free workplace.
- All employees who complete counseling or rehab for illegal drug use through EAP are subject to random testing. This may be for a period of one year after the completion of the program.