Why is Drug Testing important?
For many state agencies, drug testing is a requirement. For agencies that deal with transportation, law enforcement, air traffic and sensitive information, drug testing is vital for the safety of the public and other employees.
Types of Drug Testing
State agencies may require different types of drug testing by state. Many agencies have found it to be prudent and follow the guidelines set by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). These may include:
An applicant cannot begin work prior to receiving the results of that test. Any applicant who will not take the test or fails the test may be ineligible for a state agency job.
As the name implies, the test is randomly given. The goal is to test 100% of employees at least once during a specific time period. The aim of random drug testing is to ensure that all employees receive equal consideration.
Reasonable suspicion test:
With this test, there must be reasonable suspicion before the administration of the drug test. For most agencies, this suspicion the employee’s direct supervisor must document in great detail. If an employee refuses to take the test, termination of employment may happen. Of course, if an employee believes the test to be unreasonable, he or she may seek legal guidance.
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Other types of drug tests used by state agencies include:
The state agency may drug test an employee involved in an accident at work. The supervisor may test when the accident involves death or hospitalization, damage to governmental or private property in excess of a specified amount.
Employees not in the random drug testing pool of candidates can ask for drug testing to show their commitment to a drug-free workplace.
All employees after completing counseling or rehab for illegal drug use through EAP are subject to random testing. This is for a period of one year after the completion of the program.